Resources

Andrews, William L. and William S. McFeely, eds. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave, Written By Himself: Authoritative Text, Contexts, Criticism.  New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1997.

Beattie, Jessie Louise. Black Moses, The Real Uncle Tom. Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1957. Bearse, Austin. Reminiscences of Fugitive Slave Days in Boston. Boston: Warren Richardson, 1880.

Bentley, Judith. Dear Friend: Thomas Douglass, Frederick. The Oxford Frederick Douglass Reader. New York: Oxford Press, 1996.

Bentley, Judith. Dear Friend: Thomas Garrett & William Still, Collaborators on the Underground Railroad. New York: Cobblehill Books, 1997

Berlin, Ira. Many Thousands Gone: The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1998.

Blacket, R.J.M. "'Freedom, or the Martyr's Grave': Black Pittsburgh's Aid to the Fugitive Slave," in Joe William Trotter, Jr. and Eric Ledell Smith, eds., African Americans inPennsylvania: Shifting Historical Perspectives. University Park: Penn State University Press, 1997.

Blockson, Charles. Hippocrene Guide to the Underground Railroad. New York: Hippocrene Books, 1994.

Blockson, Charles L. Underground Railroad in Pennsylvania. Jacksonville, NC: Flame International, 1981.

Blockson, Charles L. The Underground Railroad: Dramatic Firsthand Accounts of DaringEscapes to Freedom. New York: Prentice Hall, 1987.

Bontemps, Arna. Free At Last: The Life of Frederick Douglass. New York: Dodd Mead, 1971.

Bordewich, Fergus. Bound for Canaan: The Underground Railroad and the War for the Soul ofAmerica. New York: Amistad/HarperCollins, 2005.

Borome, Joseph A. "The Vigilant Committee of Philadelphia," Pennsylvania Magazine ofHistory and Biography 42 (1968): 320-52.

Boteler, Alexander Robinson, and Frank B. Sanborn. Recollections of the John Brown Raid. 1883.

Bentley, Judith. Harriet Tubman. New York: F. Watts, 1990. Botkin, B.A., ed. Lay My Burden Down: A Folk History of Slavery. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1989.

Boyer, Richard Owen. The legend of John Brown: a Biography and a History. New York: Knopf, 1973.

Bradford, Sarah H. Scenes in the Life of Harriet Tubman. Auburn, New York: W. J. Moses, 1869. Reprint, Salem, N.H.: Ayer, 1992.

Brown, Henry Box. Narrative of Henry Box Brown, Who Escaped From Slavery Enclosed in aBox 3 Feet Long and 2 Wide. Boston: Brown and Steams, 1849. Reprint, Philadelphia: Rhistoric Publications, 1969.

Brown, John. Sixty Years' Gleanings from Life's Harvest: A Genuine Autobiography. New York, D. Appleton & Co., 1859.

Brown, William Wells. Narrative of William Wells Brown, a Fugitive Slave. Boston: Bela Marsh Co., 1848.

Buckmaster, Henrietta. Let My People Go : The Story of the Underground Railroad and the Growth of the Abolition Movement. New York and London: Harper & Brothers. 1941.

Burke, Ronald K. Samuel Ringgold Ward: Christian Abolitionist. New York: Garland, 1995.

[Burns, Anthony]. Boston Slave Riot and the Trial of Anthony Burns. Boston: Fetridge and Co., 1854.

Byrne, John Edward. The News from Harper's Ferry: The Press as Lens and Prism for JohnBrown's Raid. Washington, DC: George Washington University, 1987.

Calarco, Tom. The Underground Railroad in the Adirondack Region McFarland & Company,
Campbell, Stanley W. The Slave Catchers: Enforcement of the Fugitive Slave Law, 1850-1860. Orig. ed. 1968; New York: W.W. Norton, 1972.

Carriel, Mary Turner. The Life of Jonathan Baldwin Turner. Jacksonville, Ill.: 1911. Reprint, Urbana, Ill: University of Illinois Press, 1961. Humphreville, Frances T. Harriet Tubman, Flame of Freedom. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1967.

Catterall, Helen T. Judicial Cases Concerning American Slavery and the Negro. Washington DC: Carnegie Institution, 1926-29.

Cavanah, Frances. The Truth About the Man Behind the Book That Sparked the War Between the States. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1975.

Clarke, James Freeman. Anti-Slavery Days. New York: R. Worthington, 1884.

Clinton, Catherine. Harriet Tubman: The Road to Freedom. New York: Back Bay/Little Brown, 2004.

Coffin, Levi. Reminiscences of Levi Coffin, the Reputed President of the Underground Railroad.
Cincinnati, OH: Robert Clark & Co., 1880.

Cohen, William. James Miller McKim: Pennsylvania Abolitionist Ph.D. diss., New York University, 1968.

Collison, Gary. Shadrach Minkins: From Fugitive Slave to Citizen. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1997.

Conway, Moncure Daniel. Autobiography. New York: Houghton Mifflin & Co., 1904.

Crooks, George R. Life and Letters of the Reverend John McClintock. New York: Nelson & Phillips, 1876.

Dana, Richard Henry, Jr. "How We Met John Brown." Atlantic Monthly 28 (July 1871): 5-14.

Diggens, Milt. Stealing Freedom Along the Mason-Dixon Line:  Thomas McCreary, theNotorious Slave Cather from Maryland.  Baltimore:  Maryland Historical Society, 2015.

Drayton, Daniel. Personal Memoir. Boston: Bela Marsh Co., 1855.

Drescher, Seymour. "Servile Insurrection and John Brown's Body in Europe." Journal ofAmerican History 1993 80 (2): 499-524.

DuBois, W.E.B. John Brown. Philadelphia: G.W. Jacobs and Co., 1909.

Eby, Cecil D., ed. "The Last Hours of the John Brown Raid: The Narrative of David H. Strother." Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 73, no. 2 (1965): 169-177.

Edelstein, Tilden G. "John Brown and His Friends," in The Abolitionists: Immediation and theQuestion of Means, edited by Hugh Hawkins, pp. 11-19. Boston: D.C. Health Co., 1964.

Edelstein, Tilden G. Strange Enthusiasm: A Life of Thomas Wentworth Higginson. New York: Atheneum, 1970.

Eggert, Gerald G. "The Impact of the Fugitive Slave Law on Harrisburg: A Case Study," Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 109 (1985): available via ProQuest.

Emerson, Ralph Waldo. "Remarks on the Character of George Luther Stearns at Medford" (eulogy), April 14, 1867. American Antiquarian Society. Worcester, Mass.

Fairbank, Calvin. Reverend Calvin Fairbank During Slavery Times: How He Fought the GoodFight to Prepare the Way. Chicago: R. R. McCabe, 1890. Reprint, New York: Negro Universities Press, 1969.

Fields, Barbara J. Slavery and Freedom on the Middle Ground: Maryland During the NineteenthCentury. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985.

Fine, Gary Alan. "John Brown's Body: Elites, Heroic Embodiment, and the Legitimation of Political Violence." Social Problems 46(2) 1999: 225-249.

Finkelman, Paul. "Prigg v. Pennsylvania and the Northern State Courts: Anti-Slavery Uses of a Pro-Slavery Decision," Civil War History 25 (1979): available via ProQuest.

Finkelman, Paul. "The Protection of Black Rights in Seward's New York." Civil War History 34 (Sept. 1988): 211-34.

Finkelman, Paul, ed. His Soul Goes Marching On: Responses to John Brown and the HarpersFerry raid. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1995.

Foner, Eric.  Gateway to Freedom: The Hidden History of the Underground Railroad.  New York:  W.W. Norton, 2015.

Foner, Phillip. Frederick Douglass: A Biography. New York: Citadel Press, 1964.

Forbes, Sarah Hughes. The Letters and Recollections of John Murray Forbes. 2 vols. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1899.

Franklin, John Hope and Loren Schweninger. Runaway Slaves: Rebels on the Plantation. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Friedman, Lawrence J. "The Gerrit Smith Circle: Abolitionism in the Burned-Over District." Civil War History 26 (March 1980): 18-38.

Furnas, J. C. The road to Harpers Ferry. New York: W. Sloane Associates, 1959.

Cohen, William. "James Miller McKim: Pennsylvania Abolitionist." Ph.D. Thesis, New York University, 1968.

Gara, Larry. "William Still and the Underground Railroad," Pennsylvania History 28 (1961): 33- 44.

Gara, Larry. The Liberty Line: The Legend of the Underground Railroad. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1996 (original ed. 1961).

Garrett & William Still, Collaborators on the Underground Railroad. New York: Cobblehill Books, 1997.

Griest, Ellwood. John and Mary; or, The Fugitive Slaves, a Tale of South-Eastern Pennsylvania. Lancaster: Inquirer Printer and Publishing Company, 1873.

Harding, Vincent. There is a River: The Black Struggle for Freedom in America. New York: Random House, 1981.

Harrold, Stanley. "Freeing the Weems Family: A New Look at the Underground Railroad," CivilWar History 42 (Dec. 1996), 289-306.

Hensel, W.U. The Christiana Riot and The Treason Trials of 1851. Lancaster: The New Era Printing Company, 1911.

Henson, Josiah. Uncle Tom's Story of His Life: An Autobiography of the Reverend JosiahHenson. London: Christian Age Office, 1877. Reprint, London: Cass, 1971McFeely, Higginson, Thomas Wentworth. The Letters and Journals of Thomas Wentworth Higginson,1846-1909. Edited by Mary Thatcher Higginson. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1921.

Hinks, Peter. To Awaken My Afflicted Brethren: David Walker and the Problem of AntebellumSlave Resistance. University Park: Penn State University Press, 1997.

Hinton, Richard J. John Brown and his Men; With Some Account of the Roads Traveled to Reach Harper's Ferry. New York etc., Funk & Wagnall's company, 1894.

Horton, James Oliver and Lois E. Horton. In Hope of Liberty: Culture, Community, and ProtestAmong Northern Free Blacks, 1700-1860. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Howe, Julia Ward. Samuel Gridley Howe, a Memoir. Boston: Howe Memorial Committee, 1886.

Howe, Samuel Gridley. Slavery at Washington: A Narrative of the Heroic Adventures ofDrayton, an American Trader. London: Ward and Co., 1848.

Howe, Samuel Gridley. The Letters and Journals of Samuel Gridley Howe. Edited by Laura E. Richards. 2 vols. Boston: Dana, Estes and Co., 1906.

Howe, Samuel Gridley. "The Refugees from Slavery in Canada West," Report to the AmericanFreedman's Inquiry Commission. Boston: Dana, Estes and Co., 1906.

Hunter, Carol M. To Set the Captives Free: Reverend Jermain Wesley Loguen and the Strugglefor Freedom in Central New York, 18351872, New York: Garland. 1993.

Katz, Jonathan. Resistance at Christiana: The Fugitive Slave Rebellion, Christiana,Pennsylvania, September 11, 1851. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1974.

Keller, Allan. Thunder at Harper's Ferry. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall 1958.

Khan, Lurey. One Day, Levin...He Be Free: William Still and the Underground Railroad. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1972.

King, Roger A. The Underground Railroad in Orange County, N.Y.: the silent rebellion Monroe, N.Y.: Library Research Associates, 1999.

Klees, Emerson Underground Railroad Tales: With Routes through the Finger Lakes Region Rochester, N.Y.: Friends of the Finger Lakes Pub., c1997.

Kneebone, John T. "A Breakdown on the Underground Railroad: Captain B. and the Capture of the Keziah, 1858," Virginia Cavalcade 48 (April 1999); available via ProQuest.

Kolchin, Peter. American Slavery: 1619-1877. New York: Hill and Wang, 1993.

Larson, Kate Clifford. Bound for the Promised Land: Harriet Tubman, Portrait of an AmericanHero. New York: Ballantine, 2004.

Loguen, Jermain Wesley. The Reverend J.W. Loguen, as a Slave and as a Freeman. 1859. Reprint. New York: Negro Universities Press, 1968.

May, Samuel M. The Fugitive Slave Law and Its Victims. New York: American Antislavery Society, 1861.

McFeely, William S. Frederick Douglass. New York: W.W. Norton, 1991.

Moore, Rayburn S. "John Brown's Raid at Harper's Ferry: An Eyewitness Account by Charles White." Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 67, no. 4 (1959): 387-395.

Morris, J. Brent.  “‘Running Servants and All Others’: The Diverse and Elusive Maroons of the Great Dismal Swamp,” in Voices from Within the Veil: African Americans and the Experience of Democracy, ed. William Alexander, Cassandra Newby-Alexander, and Charles Ford (Cambridge Scholars Press, 2008), 85-112.

Nash, Gary B. Forging Freedom: The Formation of Philadelphia's Black Community, 1720-1840. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1988.

National Park Service. Division of Publications (authors Larry Gara, C. Peter Ripley, Brenda E. Stevenson). Underground Railroad. Official National Park Handbook 156, Washington, DC: GPO, 1998.

National Register. History and Education and National Park Service. Exploring A Common Past:Researching and Interpreting the Underground Railroad. Washington, DC: GPO, 1998.

Newby-Alexander, Cassandra.  “The Strange Case of Sheridan Ford and Clarissa Davis:  The Underground Railroad in Portsmouth, VA,” Voices from within the Veil:  African Americans and the Experience of Democracy, edited with William Alexander and Charles Ford.  Newcastle upon Tyne, England:  Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2008.

Newby-Alexander, Cassandra.  “Waterways to Freedom:  The Underground Railroad in Hampton Roads,” in Race, Slavery, and the Civil War: The Tough Stuff of American History, edited by James Horton and Amanda Kleintop.  Richmond, VA:  Virginia Sesquicentennial of the American Civil War Commission, 2011.

Newby-Alexander, Cassandra.  “Underground Railroad in Virginia.”  Encyclopedia of Virginia, 2015 [http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Underground_Railroad_in_Virginia]

Oates, Stephen B. To Purge This Land With Blood: A Biography of John Brown. New York: Harper & Row, 1970.

Parker, Theodore. The Life and Correspondence of Theodore Parker. Edited by John Weiss. 2 vols. Boston: Bergman Publishers, 1864.

Parker, William. “The Freedman’s Story: In Two Parts,” The Atlantic Monthly (February 1866) available at “Documenting the American South,” University of North Carolina, http://docsouth.unc.edu/parker/menu.html

Peterson, Merrill D. John Brown: The Legend Revisited. Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press, 2002).

Petry, Ann Lane. Harriet Tubman, Conductor on the Underground Railroad. New York: Harper Trophy, 1996.

Pickard, Kate E.R. Kidnapped and Ransomed: The Narrative of Peter and Vina Still After FortyYears of Slavery. 1856 facsimile edition, Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America, 1970.

Quarles, Benjamin. Black Abolitionists. New York: Oxford University Press, 1969.

Redpath, James, ed. Echoes of Harper's Ferry. Boston: Thayer and Eldridge, 1860.

Redpath, James. The Public Life of Capt. John Brown, ... With An Autobiography of HisChildhood and Youth. Boston, Thayer and Eldridge, 1860.

Renehan, Edward. Secret Six: The True Tale of the Men Who Conspired with John Brown. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1996.

Reynolds, David S. John Brown: Abolitionist. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2005.

Ripley, C. Peter et. al., ed. The Black Abolitionist Papers. 5 vols., Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1985-93.

Rosenberg, Norman L. "Personal Liberty Laws and Sectional Crisis: 1850-1861." Civil WarHistory 17 (March 1971): 25-44.

Runyon, Randolph and William Albert Davis, collaborators. Delia Webster and theUnderground Railroad. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1996.

Sanborn, Franklin Benjamin. Recollections of Seventy Years. 2 vols. Boston: Richard G. Badger, The Gorham Press, 1909.

Senate. Mason Committee. Report on the Invasion of Harpers Ferry. 36th Cong., 1st sess., 1860, I. Rept. 278.

Siebert, Wilbur H. The Underground Railroad from Slavery to Freedom. New York: Russell & Russell, 1898; reprinted 1968 by Arno Press. Inc., 2004.

Siebert, Wilbur Henry. The Mysteries of Ohio's Underground Railroads. Columbus, Ohio: Long's College Book Company, 1951.

Siebert, Wilbur Henry. The Underground Railroad in Massachusetts. Worcester, Mass.: American Antiquarian Society, 1936.

Siebert, Wilbur Henry. Vermont's Anti-Slavery and Underground Railroad Record, With a Mapand Illustrations. Columbus, Ohio: Spahr and Glenn Company, 1937.

Slaughter, Thomas P. Bloody Dawn: The Christiana Riot and Racial Violence in the AntebellumNorth. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Slotten, Martha C. "The McClintock Slave Riot of 1847." Cumberland County History 17 (Summer 2000): 14-35

Smedley, Robert Clemens. History of the Underground Railroad in Chester and the NeighboringCounties of Pennsylvania. Lancaster, Pennsylvania: Office of the Journal, 1883. Reprint, New York: Negro Universities Press, 1968.

Smith, Billy G. and Richard Wojtowicz, eds. Blacks Who Stole Themselves: Advertisements forRunaways in the Pennsylvania Gazette, 1728-1790. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1989.

Stauffer, John. The Black Hearts of Men: Radical Abolitionists and the Transformation of Race. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2002.

Stevens, Charles Emery. Anthony Burns: A History. Boston: John P. Jewett and Co., 1856.

Stewart, James Brewer. "Peaceful Hopes and Violent Experiences: the Evolution of Reforming and Radical Abolitionism, 1831-1837." Civil War History 17 (Dec. 1971): 293-309.

Still, William. The Underground Railroad: A Record of Facts, Authentic Narratives, Letters, etc. Philadelphia: Porter & Coates, 1872.

Strother, Horatio T. The Underground Railroad in Connecticut. Middletown, Conn.: Wesleyan University Press, 1962.

Turner, Glennette Tilley. Take a Walk in Their Footsteps: Classroom Ideas for Retracing theUnderground Railroad. Glen Ellyn, Ill.: Newman Educational Publishers, 1988 U.S.

Tyler, Ronnie C. & Lawrence R. Murphy. The Slave Narratives of Texas. Austin, Tex.: Encino Press, 1974.

Wayne, Michael. "The Black Population of Canada West on the Eve of the American Civil War: A Reassessment Based on the MS Census of 1861," Social History 56 (November 1995): 465-81.

White, Edward. "Eyewitness at Harpers Ferry." American Heritage 26, no. 2 (1975): 56-59, 94- 97.

Williams, James. Life & Adventures of James Williams, A Fugitive Slave, With a FullDescription of the Underground Railroad. 4th ed. San Francisco: Women’s Union Book and Job Office, 1874. Reprint, Saratoga, Calif.: R & E Research Associates, 1969.

Winch, Julie. "Philadelphia and the Other Underground Railroad," Pennsylvania Magazine ofHistory and Biography 111 (January 1987): 3-25.

Woodman, Harold D. "Class, Race, Politics, and the Modernization of the Postbellum South." Journal of Southern History v. 63 (February 1997): 3-22.

Wooster, Ralph A. Politicians, Planters, and Plain Folks: Courthouse and Statehouse in theUpper South, 1850-1860. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1975.

Zaborney, John J. "Political Culture in the Nineteenth-Century South: Mississippi, 1830-1900" Historian: a Journal of History v. 59 (Spring 1997): 649-650.

Magdol, Edward. Owen Lovejoy, Abolitionist in Congress. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1967.

McGowan, James A. Station Master on the Underground Railroad: The Life and Letters ofThomas Garrett. Moylan, Pa.: Whimsie Press, 1977.

Merrill, Walter McIntosh. Against Wind and Tide, A Biography of William Lloyd Garrison. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1963.

Petrie, William L., ed. Bibliography of the Frederick Douglass Library at Cedar Hill. Fort Washington, Md.: Silesia, 1995.

Quarles, Benjamin. Frederick Douglass. New York: Da Capo Press, 1997.

Ritchie, Andrew. The Soldier, The Battle, & The Victory, Being a Brief Account of the Work ofReverend John Rankin in the Anti-Slavery Cause. Cincinnati: Western Tract and Book Society, 1876.

Sprague, Stuart Seely, ed. His Promised Land: The Autobiography of John R Parker, FormerSlave and Conductor on the Underground Railroad. New York: Norton, 1996.

Thomas, John L. The Liberator, William Lloyd Garrison, A Biography. Boston: Little, Brown, 1963. Voss, Frederick. Majestic in His Wrath: A Pictorial Life of Frederick Douglass. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1995.